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'''Martin Luther King Jr.''' (born '''Michael King Jr.''', January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptists|Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of Civil and political rights|civil rights using Nonviolence|nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christianity|Christian beliefs. King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, King led an unsuccessful Albany Movement|1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize the 1963 nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama. King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom|March on Washington, where he delivered his famous...
Birth nameMichael King Jr.
Birth date{{birth date|mf=yes|1929|1|15}}
Birth place{{nowrap|Atlanta, Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia, U.S.}}
Death date{{death date and age|mf=yes|1968|4|4|1929|1|15}}
Death place{{nowrap|Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.}}
Death causeAssassination of Martin Luther King Jr.|Assassination
Alma mater{{unbulleted list
Occupation{{hlist|Minister (Christianity)|Minister|Activism|activist}}
Known forCivil Rights Movement, Peace movement
Spouse{{marriage|Coretta Scott King|Coretta Scott|1953|1968}}
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